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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations
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Roman Goddesses

All The Goddesses

Abeona

Goddess who protects children when they leave the parents' home for the first time.

 

 

 

 

Abundantia

 

Goddess of abundance and good fortune. Her attribute is a cornucopia ("horn of plenty") with which she distributes grain and money.

Adeona

Goddess who guides children back home after leaving the parents house for the first time.

Alemonia

Goddess who feeds unborn children.

Angerona

Goddess of Secrecy and protector of Rome. She was shown with a bandaged mouth and a finger to her lips as if imploring silence. Her festival is December 21.

Angita

Goddess of Healing and Witchcraft.

Anna Perenna

Goddess of the New Year provider of food. Her festival is March 15 and she is honored at the full moon.

Antevorte

Goddess of the Future.

Aradia

Goddess of Witches in the Tuscany region of Italy. She is the daughter of Diana and her brother Lucifer (moon and sun) and came to earth to teach the witches her mother's magic.

Aurora

Goddess of the Dawn.

Bellona

Goddess of War and Battles, her worship was popular among Roman soldiers. She accompanied Mars in battle, and was either his wife or sister. Her festivals are celebrated on March 24 (the Dies Sanguinis, the Day of Blood) and June 3. Bellona's attribute is a sword and she is depicted wearing a helmet and armed with a spear and a torch.

Bona Dea

The 'good goddess', she was the protector of women and the matron of both fertility and virginity in females. She was especially revered by matrons. Also a goddess of healing. Her festival is on May 1, the nights of May 3-4, and December 3. Her day is Wednesday. Bona Dea was portrayed sitting on a throne, holding a cornucopia. The snake is her attribute, a symbol of healing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bubona

 

Courtesy of : inanna.virtualave.net/ roman.html

Goddess of horses and cattle. Equated with the Celtic goddess Epona, whose worship was carried to Rome by the army after invading Gaul.

Camenae

Goddesses of Wells and Springs. In Rome, they were worshipped in a sacred forest at the Porta Capena.

Candelifera

Goddess of Birth.

Cardea

Goddess of Thresholds, especially doors and thereby the home, and of children against evil spirits. Sacred tree the hawthorn.

Carmenta

Goddess of Childbirth and Prophecy. Festivals on January 11 and 15. A triple Goddess with her two sisters: Porrima 'Looking Forward'; and Postvorta 'Looking Back'. Inventor of the arts and sciences as well as the Roman Alphabet.

Carnea

Goddess of door handles. Festival day June 1. She was made offerings of pork and white beans. Also the goddess of the bodily organs, especially the heart.

Ceres

Goddess of Corn, Agriculture and Grain. Festivals: February 2, April 1 and 11-19, Auguse 23, September 1, October 4-5, November 8, and December 3. Her days are Wednesday and Friday. Her plants are snowdrop, lily, and narcissus. Her gem is peridot.

Cinxia

Goddess of Marriage.

Clementia

Goddess of Mercy and Clemency.

Cloacina

Goddess of Drains and Sewers which drained refuse under the city of Rome. Her temple was near the Forum, the area drained by the Cloaca Maxima, Romes largest sewer.

 

 

Concordia

Goddess of Concord. She is pictured seated, wearing a long, flowing robe and holding a sacrificial bowl in her left hand and a cornucopia in her right. Her temple was the meeting place of the Roman Senate.

Copia

Goddess of Wealth and Plenty. She is pictured with a cornucopia.

Cuba

Goddess who watches over infants in their cribs and lulls them to sleep.

Cunina

Goddess of infants.

Dea Tacita

Goddess of the Dead and the Earth. The silent Goddess.

Decima

Goddess of childbirth. With Nona and Morta she forms the Parcae (the three Fates).

Devera

Goddess of the Brooms used to purify a ritual site.

Deverra

Goddess of Women in Labor and the Patron of midwives.

Diana

The Goddess of the Moon, Fertility, Nature and Childbirth. Mother with Lucifer, her brother, of Aradia, Goddess of Witches. Her festivals are May 26-31 and August 15. On August 13 Diana is invoked to protect the harvest from storms. Her day is Monday. Her gems are: quartz, moonstone, and pearl. Her plants are damiana, almond, mugwort, hazel, moonwort, ranunculus, mandrake and banyan. Her perfumes are jasmine and ginseng along with all sweet smelling roots, camphor, and aloes. Her magical weapon is the bow and arrow. She is worshipped on mountain tops and in sacred forests. She is the patron of the working class and slaves. She is often pictured as a hunter who is acompanied by a deer.

Disciplina

Goddess of Discipline.

Discordia

Goddess of Discord and Strife who preceeded the chariot of Mars into battle.

Egestes

Goddess of Poverty. She is the personification of poverty. Virgil mentions her as a demon of the underworld.

Empanda

Goddess of Openess, Friendliness and Generosity. She is the personification of these qualities.

Fauna

Goddess of the Earth, Mother Goddess and Fertility Goddess. Daughter or wife of Faunus. Usually identified with Bona Dea.

Faustitas

Goddess protectress of Herds of Livestock.

Febris

Goddess protectress against fevers.

Felicitas

Goddess of Success. She is the personification of success.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feronia

Courtesy of : inanna.virtualave.net/ roman.html

 

 

Goddess of Freedom and Good Harvest. She was often worshipped by slaves to achive their freedom. Her festival is November 15.

Fides

Goddess of Faithfulness and Good Faith. She was invoked during the signing of treaties and the treaties are kept in her temple.

Flora

Goddess of Spring and the blooming flowers. Her festival Floralia, is April 28 - May 1.

Fornax

Goddess of Bread Baking and Ovens.

Fortuna

Goddess of Fate. Patroness of bath houses and once-married matrons. Shown with a wheel, sphere, a ships rudder, or a cornucopia. Sometimes she is pictured with wings.

Fulgora

Goddess of Lightning.

Furies

Goddesses of Vengance. Live in the underworld and torment wrongdoers. Equivalent to the Greek Erinyes.

Furina

Goddess of Thieves.

Indivia

Goddess of Jealousy.

Juno

Queen of the Gods. Jupiters wife and sister, sister to Neptune and Pluto, daughter of Saturn, mother of Juventas, Mars, and Vulcan. Protectress of the Roman state. She was the guardian of the Empire's finances and considered the Matron Goddess of all Rome. The Matronalia, her major festival is March 1-2. Her other festival, on July 7-8, was called Nonae Caprotinae ("The Nones of the Wild Fig"). In addition, other festivals to Juno took place on January 1, February 1-2, March 7, June 1-2, and November 13. Her tree is the olive. Her animals the eagle and peacock. Her perfume galbanum. The month of June was named after her.

Justitia

Goddess of Justice. Often pictured blindfolded, holding a set of scales and a sword or scepter.

Juturna

Goddess of Lakes, Wells and Springs. Her festivals are January 11 and August 23. Also the wife of Janus.

Juventas

Goddess of youth.

Laverna

Goddess of Unlawful Gain and Trickery. The patron of thieves, con artists and frauds.

Libera

Fertility Goddess. Wife of Liber. Later equated with Proserpina.

Libertas

Goddess of Freedom. Pictured as a female figure with a pileus (a felt cap, worn by slaves when they were set free), a wreath of laurels and a spear.

Libitina

Goddess Funerals. Her temple contained all of the necessary impliments for funeral services. A piece of money had to be brought to her temple whenever anyone died. Later equated with Proserpina.

Lima

Goddess of thresholds.

Lucina

Goddess of Childbirth and Midwifery. She who brings children into light". Later equated with Juno.

Luna

Goddess of the Moon. Later identified with Diana and the Greek Selene.

Maia

Goddess of Fertility and Spring. Probably the goddess for whom the month of May is named. Often equated with Fauna and Ops.

Maiesta

Goddess of Honor and Reverence. Wife of Vulcan.

Mania

Goddess of the Dead. Guardian with Mantus of the Underworld. Referred to as the mother of ghosts. Her name means insanity and she is the personification of madness.

Matuta

Goddess of the Dawn, Harbors and the Sea. Patron of newborn babies. Her festival day is June 11.

Meditrina

Goddess of Wine and Health. Her name means healer. Her festival is the Meditrinalia on October 11.

Mefitis

Goddess of Poisonous Vapors from the earth. She was worshipped especially in volcanic areas and swamps.

Mellona

Goddess and Protector of Bees. Her name comes from the word for honey.

Mena

Goddess of Menstruation.

Mens

Goddess of the Mind and Consciousness. Her festival is May 8.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minerva

Courtesy of : http://www.georgeglazer.com/prints/genre/images/blomegoddess1-3.jpg

 

 

Goddess of Wisdom, Learning, the Arts, Sciences, Medicine, Dyeing, Trade, and of War. Wife of Jupiter. protectress of commerce, industry and education. Honored at the spring equinox with her main festival, March 19 - 23, called the Quinquatria. On June 13 the minor Quinquatrus was observed. Her gem is the ruby. Her plants the tiger lily, and geranium. Her animals the ram and owl. Her perfume is dragons blood. She is often equated with the Greek Athena and the Etruscan Menrva.

Moneta

Goddess of Prosperity.

Morta

Goddess of death and one of the three Parcae.

Muta

Goddess of Silence. She is the personification of silence.

Naenia

Goddess of Funerals.

Necessitas

Goddess of Destiny. Similar to the Greek Ananke.

Nona

Goddess of Pregnancy. She was called upon in the ninth month of pregnancy when it was time for the child to be born. One of the Parcae with the Goddesses Morta and Decima, the Roman Fates.

Nundina

Goddess of the ninth day, on which the newborn child was given a name.

Ops

Goddess of the Fertile Earth, Abundance, Sowing, Harvest and Wealth. The sister and wife of Saturn. One of her festivals is on August 10, another festival was the Opalia, which was observed on December 9. The Opeconsiva, on August 25 is her primary festival, but is participated in only by her priests and the Vestal Virgins.

Orbona

Goddess of parents who lost their children. She could grant them more and parents prayed to her for this purpose.

Pales

Goddess of Shepherds and Flocks.Her festival was the Palilia, on April 21.

Parcae

Goddesses of Fate. Similar to the Greek Moirae. The Goddesses Nona, Morta and Decima make up the group. The three Parcae are also called Tria Fata.

Pax

Goddess of Peace. Her festivals are January 3 and 30 and July 4. Her attributes are the olive branch, a cornucopia, and a scepter.

Pietas

Goddess of Piety and a sense of duty to the state and the Gods.

Poena

Goddess of Punishment.

Pomona

Goddess of Fruit Trees and Orchards. Her attribute is the pruning knife.

Postverta

Goddess of the Past.

Prorsa Postverta

Goddess of women in labor. She who oversaw the position of the fetus in the womb.

Proserpina

Wife of Pluto, identical to Persephone.

Providentia

Goddess of Forethought.

Pudicitia

Goddess of Modesty and Chastity.

Puta

Goddess of the pruning of vines and trees.

Quiritis

Italian Goddess of Motherhood.

Robigo

Goddess of Corn.

Roma

Personified Goddess of the City of Rome. She is portrayed as a helmeted woman sitting on a throne, holding a spear and a sword. Resting against her throne is a shield.

Rumina

Goddess of Nursing Mothers, both human and animal.

Salus

Goddess of Health and Prosperity. Her attribute was a snake or a bowl and her festival was celebrated on March 30. Equivalent to the Greek Hygieia.

Securitas

Goddess of Security and Stability.

Semonia

Goddess of Sowing.

Spes

Goddess of Hope. Shown as a young woman holding a cornucopia and a flower.

Stata Mater

Goddess who guards against fires. Sometimes equated with Vesta.

Stimula

Goddess who incites passion in women. Equated with the Greek Semele.

Strenua

Goddess of Strength and Vigor. Worshiped at new year.

Suadela

Goddess Persuasion, especially in matters of love. A member of Venus's retinue.

Tellus

Goddess of the Earth. Fordicidia, held on April 15 was her festival. Like the Greek Gaia.

Tempestes

Goddesses of Storms.

Terra Mater

Mother Earth - Goddess of Fertility and the Earth. Fordicidia on April 15 her main festival, with another June 1-3. She watched over marriage, producing children, and the fertility of the soil.

Trivia

Goddess of the Crossroads. She is portrayed with three faces and sometimes equated with the Greek Hecate.

Vacuna

Sabean Goddess of Agriculture. She was worshipped in the sacred forest.

Venus

Originally a Goddess of Gardens and Vinyards, Venus became the major deity of love and beauty after the influx of Greek deities. On August 18 the Vinalia Rustica was observed. A second festival, that of the Veneralia, was celebrated on April 1 in honor of Venus Verticordia, who later became the protector against vice. On April 23 a festival, the Vinalia Priora, celebrated the opening of one of her temples. Other festivals to her were held on: March 10; April 15, 21, 28; May 23-24; June 19; July 19; and October 9. Her day is Thursday. Her gems are the emerald, turquoise, topaz, and cat's eye. Her plants are the rose, myrtle, clover, mallow and sunflower. Her animals are the lynx, sparrow, dove, swan, bull, and lion. Her perfumes are benzoin, rose, red sandalwood, sandalwood, storax and olibanum. She is equivalent to the Greek Aphrodite.

Veritas

Goddess of truth.

Vesta

Goddess of the Fire (both sacred and domestic) and the Hearth. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. Her sacred animal was the ass. Patroness of bakers. Her chief festival was the Vestalia on June 7. Other festivals were on: February 13; March 1; April 28; May 15; and June 9, 15, 24. Her gem is the black diamond. Her plants are orchis root, thistle and indian hemp. Her animals were the ass and the goat. Her perfumes are musk, civet and Saturnian perfumes. One of the most-worshipped Roman deities. She is equated to the Greek Hestia.

Victoria

Goddess of Victory. Originally a protectress of fields and woods who became Goddess of Romes military success. Equivalent to the Greek Nike.

Volumna

Goddess who Protects the Nursery.

 

Courtesy of : http://www.geocities.com/Wellesley/1582/vale.jpg



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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations