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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations
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Greek Goddesses

All the Goddesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amphitrite

 

Picture Courtesy of : http://vegalaxia.free.fr/Barbie/B_greec.JPG

 

 

Queen of the Sea and wife of Poseidon. Mother of Triton and Rhode. Portrayed as a queen, often in a chariot pulled by sea creatures with her hair covered by a net.

Anagke

Mother of the Fates and the Goddess of Absolute Necessity or Destiny.

Aphrodite

One of the Olympian Gods. Goddess of Love, Beauty and Sexual pleasure. She is the protector of lovers and those in love. She is also the patroness of prostitutes. Often accompanied by the Graces. Born from the foam of the sea where Cronus threw the genitals of his father Uranus after castrating him. She was married to Hephaestus on Zeus's orders, but did not remain faithful. She bore a number of children: Harmonia with Ares, Hermaphrodite with Hermes, Rhodos with Poseidon, Eros with Hermes or Ares, Priapus with Dionysus, and Aeneas with the mortal Anchises. Her metal is copper. Her symbol is the scallop shell. Her animals are the dolphin and the goat. Her plants are the rose, myrtle, quince, rose campion and water mint. Her birds are the dove, sparrow, goose an partridge. Her gems are emerald, and turquoise. Her festivals were on: April 23; June 24; and July 19. Her day is Friday. Her perfumes are sandalwood, benzoin, rose, red sandalwood, and myrtle.

Artemis

One of the Olympian Gods. Goddess of the Wild and Hunting, as well as Chastity and the Moon. She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto. She is the lady of the wild things. She is the huntsman of the gods. She is the protector of the young. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. Artemis dwells in the wild woods. She is a virgin, and protects her chastity with severe punishment to mortals who may catch a glimpse of her body. She is an exceptionally good archer, and is also the protector of childbirth and wild animals. Her tree is the cypress. Her twin brother is Apollo.

 

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Astraea

Goddess of Justice.

Athena

One of the Olympian Gods. Goddess of Wisdom, Reason and Protective Force. A warrior goddess, Athena only fought to protect her charges. She sprang full-grown from the head of her father Zeus after he swallowed Metis, her mother. She was the protector and patroness of the city of Athens, which bears her name, as well as agriculture, cities in general and the arts. A virgin goddess.

Calliope

One of the Muses. The Muse of epic poetry. She is often pictured with a writing tablet or scroll in hand, crowned with gold.

Chloris

The Goddess of Flowers and the Spring.

Clio

One of the Muses. The Muse of history and chronicles. She is often pictured with a scroll in hand and accompanied by a chest of books.

Demeter

Goddess of Agriculture, Grain and Fertility. She taught mortals to plow and sow seeds, thus ending their nomadic existance. For this she is also known as the goddess of civilization. She is the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Her daughter, Persephone, was abducted by Hades to be his bride. In her anger for the loss of her daughter, Demeter cursed the world, allowing all of the living things of the earth to wither and die. She eventually found Persephone, but because the girl had eaten three seeds of a pomegranate while in the Underworld, Zeus decreed that she should spend three months of the year in the Underworld with Hades. Demeter only allows the living things of the world to grow when her daughter is with her, thus the seasons.

Eirene

Goddess of peace. Daughter of Themis and Zeus.

Enyo

Goddess of War and Violence, she is called the daughter, mother and sister of Ares. She is pictured covered in blood and striking poses of violence.

Eos

Goddess of the Dawn, she is the sister of Selene and Helios and the mother of the four winds.

Erato

One of the Muses. Muse of love poetry and mimicry. She is often pictured with a lyre in hand and wearing a crown of roses.

Eris

Goddess of Discord. Daughter of Zeus and Hera. She was a frequent companion of her brother Ares in battle, bringing her son Strife along.

Euterpe

One of the Muses. The Muse of music. Often pictured with a flute or other musical instrument.

Fates

The triple goddesses of fate and destiny, they have the task of determining the lifespan and events of mortals (and possibly the gods). The Fates are: Clotho, the spinner of the thread of life, Lachesis, the measurer, who chooses one's lot in life and determines how long that life will be, and Atropos, the cutter who snips the thread of life, leading, of course, to death. There is some evidence that the Fates are older than the gods and control their destinies as well. Not even the most powerful is willing to triffle with them.

Furies

Also known as the Erinnyes. The carriers of divine justice, the Furies pursue wrongdoers relentlessly, until the guilty is dead, often driving their victims to suicide. They are particularly concerned with matricide. The Furies are: Tisiphone, Megaera, and Alecto. The Erinnyes came from the blood of Uranus when he was castrated.

Gaea

Earth goddess and mother of the Titans. She mated with Uranus, her son, to produce the race of Titans.

Graces

Goddesses of Gracefulness and Charm, they are beautiful and elegant. They are the daughters of Zeus with Eurynome. They are attendants of Aphrodite. They are: Aglaea (splendor), Euphrosyne (mirth) and Thalia (good cheer).

 

 

Hebe

Goddess of Youth. Cupberaer to the Gods, she served nectar and ambrosia. She is the daughter of Zeus and Hera. Personification of eternal youth. She became Heracles wife and with him produced Alexiares and Anicerus.

Hecate

The Goddess of Hidden Wisdom, Witchcraft and the Crossroads. Also Goddess of the Moon, the Underworld and Magic. She is the protector of the occult, and hidden knowledge and the wisdom that comes with age. Originally a Thracian Goddess, she has at times been described as the daughter of the Titans Perses and Asteria, and later the Olympian Gods Zeus and Hera, although she is pre-olympian. She dwells in the underworld although her powers extend beyond it to the earth. She is the protectress of witches, flocks and sailors. A triple goddess, she is seen as three female figures or as one with three heads, that of a horse, dog and boar. At other times she is pictured as a single woman, dressed in dark clothing with her hounds. Said to roam during the new moon, and to roam graveyards and the scenes of crimes as Goddess of Expiation and Purification. Offerings of food made to her were taken to crossroads at the full moons. Her trees are the yew and the willow. She brings creative inspiration. Her symbol is the torch. Her festival is August 13. Her gems are the star sapphire, moonstone, pearl and quartz. Her plants are the cypress, opium poppy, almond, mugwort, hazel, moonwort, and ranunculus. Her perfumes are myrrh, civet, camphor, and aloes.

Hemera

Goddess of the Day. Daughter of Erebus and Nyx, who were the children of Chaos.

 

Hera

One of the Olympian Gods. Wife of Zeus and his sister. The Queen of the Gods. Hera was the protector of Marriage and the Patron of all married women. Her symbols are the peacock, the pomegranate and the city of Argos. Mother of Hebe and Hephaestus. Her gems are the star sapphire and the pearl. Her plants are the cypress and opium poppy. Her metal silver. Her perfumes are myrrh and civet.

Hestia

One of the Olympic Gods. Goddess of the Hearth and Home. Zeus' sister. She was also a patron of childbirth and new born children were introduced to her before they were received by the family. Hestia is a virgin goddess.

Hygienia

Goddess of Health, closely identified with the worship of Asclepius.

Iris

Goddess of the Rainbow. The personification of the rainbow. Messenger of the gods to humankind, particularly messages from Zeus and Hera. Devoted to Hera, acted as her ladies maid. Daughter of Thaumas, the son of Gaia and a titan, with the marine nymph Electra. She is portrayed as a young woman with wings and her attributes are a herald's staff and a water pitcherShe travels between earth and heaven on the rainbow. Wife of Zephyrus, the West Wind.

Leto

Goddess of the Moon. Identified with the Goddess Selene. She is the daughter of the titans Coeus and Phoebe. She is the mother of the divine twins, Artemis and Apollo with Zeus. Her sacred tree is the palm.

Melpomene

One of the Muses. The muse of tragedy. She is represented by the tragic mask of Greek theater. Often pictured with garland, a club and a sword.

 

Metis

One of the Titans. Goddess of Wisdom, Counsel and Knowledge. Daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. She caused Cronus to regurgitate all of his children he had previously swallowed by giving him a draught at Zeus's urging. Her planet is Mercury. First wife of Zeus. When she was pregnant with Athena Zeus swallowed her. It is said she is still advisor to Zeus from his stomach. She was the mother of Athena who was born from Zeus's head.

Picture Courtesy of : http://www.katyberry.com/Goddesses/images/hecate.jpg

Mnemosyne

One of the Titans. Goddess of Memory. Daughter of Uranus and Gaia. She was the mother of the nine Muses born after spending nine nights with Zeus, her nephew.

Moirae

The Fates. Daughters of Zeus and Themis. The three were: Clotho, spinner of the thread of life; Lachesis, the element of chance; and Atropos, who finally cut the thread. They have the gift of prophesy. They were invoked at weddings to ensure a happy union. Their decisions were carried out by Keres.

Muses

Goddesses of the arts and sciences, the Muses provided divine inspiration to mortals who engaged in their pursuits. Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne. All nine muses had a particular area of expertise, and they served as the inspiration and protector of that particular area. The Muses are: Calliope-Epic Poetry and Eloquence, Clio-History, Erato-Love Poetry, Euterpe-Flute Playing, Melpomene-Tragedy, Polyhymnia-Mimic Art, Terpsichore-Dance, Thalia-Comedy, and Urania-Astronomy. Of the nine, Calliope was preemminent. They dwelt on Helicon, a high mountain.

Nemesis

Goddess of Vengance and Divine Justice. She assists those who are wronged and pursues mortals who defy the natural order of things. She punished mortals who offended the moral law or broke taboos. She is seen as a stern woman carrying a whip, scale, or wheel. Her sacred animal is the deer. Her festival is August 23.

Nike

Goddess of Victory. Daughter of Pallas and Styx. Pictured as a winged woman in flowing robes carrying a palm branch. Her gem is the emerald. Her plant the rose. Her animal the lynx. Her perfumes are rose, benzoin, and red sandalwood.

Nyx

Goddess of Night and the Darkness. Daughter of Chaos and Erebus. She is the mother of many, including Thanatos, Hypnos, the Fates and Charon.

Persephone

Goddess of the Underworld. Rules with her husband Hades. Daughter of Demeter. Hades abducted her and her mother Demeter searched the earth for her. After Demeter located her an agreement was reached whereby, since she had eaten three seeds of a pomegranate while in the Underworld, Persephone spends three months in the underworld and the rest of the year above ground. The 9 months she is above are Spring, Summer and Fall when her mother Demeter is happy and the earth is bathed in warmth and growth. The other 3 months are winter when Demeter grieves for her loss and misses Persephone. Her sacred tree is the willow. Her gem is quartz. Her plants are the lily and ivy. Her perfume is Dittany of Crete.

Pheme

Goddess of Fame and Messages. She is pictured as a gentle youth with a trumpet.

Phoebe

One of the Titans. Goddess of the Moon. She was the mother of the goddess Leto.

Polyhymnia

One of the Muses. She is the Muse of sacred music and geometry. She is often seen with a pensive look on her face or veiled.

Rhea

One of the Titans. Goddess of Fertility. Daughter of Gaia and Uranus. Wife of Cronus, her brother. Having overthrown his own father, Cronos swallowed each of his children with Rhea. Rhea saved Zeus from being swallowed by tricking Cronus into swallowing a rock. Later she helped Zeus to slay Cronus and send him to Tartarus. Mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hestia, Demeter and Hera. Her gems are the star sapphire and the pearl. Her plants are the cypress and opium poppy. Her metal is silver. Her perfumes are myrrh and civet.

Selene

Goddess of the Moon. Daughter of Hyperion and Theia. Sister of Helios and Eos. She later came to be identified with Artemis.

Terpsichore

One of the Muses. The Muse of dancing. Often pictured in midstep with her lyre.

Tethys

One of the Titans. Daughter of Uranus and Gaia. Oceanus' wife and sister. Mother of the rivers and the ocean nymphs, altogether 3000 sons and 3000 daughters.

Tethys

Goddess of the Sea. She is the personification of the sea. Daughter of Hemera and Aether.

Thalia

One of the Muses. Muse of Comedy and lighthearted music and poetry. She is often portrayed with the comedy mask of Greek theater, or with a crown of ivy and a crook.

Themis

One of the Titans. Goddess of Justice, Sound Counsel and Order. Daughter of Uranus and Gaia. Married first to her brother Iapetus. Mother with him of Atlas and Prometheus. Zeus's second wife and advisor still. She is the mother of the Horae or Seasons; Eirene-Peace; Eunomia-Wise Legislation; Dike-Justice; and the Fates or Moerae. Her planet is Jupiter.

Tyche

One of the Titans. Goddess of Fortune, Chance and Prosperity. Daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. She is shown with a cornucopia, rudder of destiny and wheel of fortune.

Urania

One of the Muses. Muse of astronomy. She is shown with a crown of stars or a staff pointed at a celestial globe. She fortells the future from the position of the stars.

Picture Courtesy of : http://www.lisahuntart.com/cgimages/selenebig.jpg



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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations