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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations
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Egyptian Gods

All The Gods
all pictures on this page are courtesy of : www.jograham.com/ fantmyth.htm
 

Aker

God of the earth and the dead. Guards the place where the eastern and western horizons meet, as well as the gate through which the pharaoh enters the underworld. Depicted as a strip of land with both ends forming the heads of a lion or human, or two lions facing in opposite directions.

Amun

Originally a god of wind and ruler of the air, became the all-powerful sun deity of Thebes and then supreme ruler of the gods.

Amun-Re

Combination of gods Amun and Re or Ra, used as the name of Amun when he became the national god of Thebes and Egypt.

Andjety

God of the underworld, responsible for the rebirth of souls in the afterlife.

Anhur

Warrior and hunter god. Personified the royal warriors.

Anti

Guardian deity and god of ferrymen.

Anubis

God of the dead and embalming, and protector of cemetaries and burial tombs. He holds the scales which weigh the hearts of the dead; if the heart is light, the soul will be taken to Osiris. If the heart is heavy, it will be destroyed. Pictured as a man with the head of a jackal or dog.

Apep

God of chaos, darkness and evil. He battles with the sun god Re">Re to keep the sun from returning to the world on its nightly journey through the underworld.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apis

 

Bull god and sacred bull of Memphis.

Arensnuphis

Benign god of Egyptian Nubia and a companion of Isis. Seen as a lion or a man wearing a plumed crown.

Aten

God of the sun and name of the visible solar disc. Aten was, for a time, the only god of Egypt during the reign of Akanaten, but the land returned to polytheism on the pharaoh's death. Pictured as a solar disc with rays that end in human hands, holding the ankh.

Atum

Primordial sun god and creator of the world. He is the evening or setting sun.

 

 

 

 

Ba

 

 

Ram god and a god of fertility. Invoked by women in the hopes that he would help them conceive.

Babi

Demonic god said to live on human entrails. He helped to devour the hearts of those deemed unworthy in the ceremony of the weighing of the heart.

Banebdjetet

Ram god of lower Egypt. Pictured as a man with a ram's head.

Bes

Grotesque dwarf god. Said to guard households against evil spirits and misfortune. Also a god of joviality, dancing, singing and happiness.

Chenti-cheti

Falcon or crocodile god.

Chenti-irti

Falcon god of law and order.

Cherti

Ferryman of the dead and protector of the pharaoh's tomb. Pictured as a ram or a man with a ram's head.

Chnum

Ram god who makes the Nile delta fertile and suitable for agriculture.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chons

 

 

God of the moon and the master of time.

Chontamenti

God of the dead and the land of the west. Seen as a dog or dog's head with horns.

Dedun

God of wealth and incense. Pictured as a man or a lion.

Dua

God of toiletry.

Duamutef

Guardian of the east and a funerary god. He protected the stomach of the deceased.

Ennead

Council of the gods, specifically those of the Osiris pantheon.

Geb

Seb.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hah

 

 

God of the sky. He represents the limitless expanse of the sky, and is pictured with his arms spread wide to support it.

Hapi

Personification of the Nile River. Pictured as a fat man to signify abundance. Also, a funerary god and son of Horus. Protected the lungs of the deceased.

Har-nedj-itef

Form of the god Horus. Protector of the dead.

Har-pa-khered

Horus as a child. Invoked to ward off dangerous creatures. Known as Harpocrates by the Greeks.

Heh

One of the gods who represented infinity. Pictured as a frog or a man with the head of a frog.

Hemen

Falcon god.

Hez-ur

Baboon god.

Hike

God of supernatural powers. Doctors were called priests of Hike because they invoked the deity during their work.

Horus

Name for a number of gods, all of which invoke the sun, kingship and victory. Horus in his many forms was a protector and warrior god, and the sun and moon were considered his eyes. He was often pictures as a hawk or hawk-headed man.

 

Ihu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

God of the sistrum, a sacred rattle.

Ihy

Son of Hathor. A god of music and dancing. Pictured as a child holding a sistrum, or sacred rattle.

Imiut

Protective deity of the underworld.

Imset

One of the four protective deities of embalming. Protected the liver of the deceased.

Inmutef

Deity who bears the heavens.

Joh

God of the moon.

Kauket

Primordial who rules the darkness of primal chaos.

Kebechsenef

One of the four gods of embalming. Protector of the lower viscera of the deceased.

Kemwer

Black bull god.

Khem

God of fertility, agriculture and human reproduction. Pictured as a mummy.

Khentamenti

Ancient jackal-headed god of the dead. Later recognized as Osiris.

Khentimentiu

God who rules the destiny of the dead. Called the 'dog of the dead'.

Khepri

Scarab beetle god. Said to roll the sun across the horizon in the same way that scarab beetles roll balls of dung through the desert. Symbolized rebirth, renewal and everlasting life. Seen as a beetle, man with the face of a beetle, or man with a beetle on his head.

 

 

 

Khnum

 

 

God who created the bodies of the gods and men on his potter's wheel. Pictured as a ram-headed man.

Kuk

God of the darkness of primal chaos. With Kauket, produces the twilight at the end of the day.

Maahes

God of punishment for transgressions. Invoked to protect the innocent. Seen as a lion or lion-headed man with a knife.

Mahes

God of the summer heat an called 'Lord of the Massacre'. Pictured as a lion or man with a lion's head.

Mendes

Nature god.

Menthu

God of war. Pictured as a man with a falcon's head.

Min

God of fertility, vegetation and male virility. Often evoked at the coronation of the pharaoh to ensure his sexual prowess and production of a male heir. Seen as a man holding a flail in his right hand and his erect penis in his left.

Mnewer

Sacred black bull of the sun. Worshipped for his fertility and oracles. Pictured with the solar disk between his horns.

Nefertem

God of the lotus and the rising sun. Pictured as a man with a cluster of lotus blossoms on his head, sometimes on the back of a lion.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nehebkau

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serpent god who guards the entrance of the Underworld and accompanies the sun god Re on his nightly journey through it. Seen as a snake with human arms and legs.

Neper

God of grain, particularly barley and wheat.

Nun

God and primeval water that circles the entire world. The most ancient of gods, even Re, the sun, arose from him. Depicted as a man holding the solar boat above his head.

Osiris

Important god of Egypt. Seen as the god of the dead and the underworld, although worshipped as a god of fertility, resurrection and vegetation. Married to the sky-Goddess Isis. Killed by his brother Set and chopped into pieces. The pieces were found by Isis and reformed, and he was mummified and resurrected. Re, the father god, did not allow him to stay in the land of the living, but sent him to the Underworld to be the god and judge of the dead. Seen as a mummified man.

Petbe

God of retaliation and revenge.

Ptah

A creator god of Memphis, seen as a patron to craftsmen and especially stoneworkers. Pictured as a mummified man with only his hands free to grasp a scepter.

Re

The most important of the gods in Egypt. The personification of the sun. The actual sun was said to be either his body or his eye. He traveled in the sun boat across the sky each day, and through the Underworld at night to make a complete circuit of the cosmos. Sacred god of the pharaohs, who were said to be 'sons of Re'. Pictured as a man with the head of a falcon.

Resheph

Warrior god.

Sai

Deity of destiny.

Seb

God of the Earth, and husband of Nut. One of the primordial forces of nature, Seb is seen as personifying the earth and fertility. He was pictured as black and green, the colors of Nile mud and vegetation. Thought to imprison the souls of the wicked so that they could not ascend to Heaven.

 

 

Sebek

 

 

Crocodile god, he represented the fertility of the Nile and the might of the pharaohs. Seen as a crocodile or man with a crocodile's head.

Seker

Funerary god, the patron of craftsmen who create tombs and items used in funeral services. Sometimes seen as a form of Osiris. Pictured as a man with the head of a hawk.

Septu

God of war.

Sesmu

God of oil and wine pressing.

Set

God of chaos, hostility and possibly evil. He was a protector of the desert, but caused dust storms that could kill unwary travelers. Killed his brother Osiris and scattered the pieces of his body throughout Egypt. Later fought Osiris' son Horus, who vanquished him and became king of the Gods. Seen as a man with a head of indeterminable origin, possibly an aardvark, or as a dog.

Shu

God of air. Father of Nut, whom he holds high above Seb(earth).

Wepwawet

God of the openings and the dead. He opened the way into battle, and opened the way for the dead into the Underworld. Seen as a jackal.

Uneg

Plant god.

Un-nefer

Name of Osiris in his capacity as Judge of the Dead.

Tatenen

Vegetation god and the mound of earth which rose from the primordial waters. Seen as a man with ram's horns and a crown of feathers. Identified with Ptah.

Taurt

God of good fortune and childbirth. Seen as a hippopotamus with a crocodile's head and lion's feet. Protector of women before, during and after childbirth.

 



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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations