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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations
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Celtic Gods

All The Gods
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abarta

 

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An Irish/Celtic god, a member of the Tuatha Dé Danann. His name means performer of feats.

Abellio

The Gallic god of apple trees. A local deity of the Garonne valley.

Abhean

An Irish/Celtic god, harper of the Tuatha Dé Danann.

Aengus

God of love. Son of the Dagda and 'the wife of Elcmar', generally believed to be the goddess Boann. He is associated with the valley of the River Boyne. One of the Tuatha De Danann.

Aericura

A Romano-Celtic chthonic underworld god.

Arawn

The Welsh god of the underworld. The god Amaethon stole from him a dog, lapwing and roebuck with led to the Battle of the Trees, in which his forces were defeated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alisanos

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The local god of Celtic Gaul, specifically the region of the Cite d'Or.

Amaethon

The Welsh god of agriculture, son of the goddess Don. He is directly responsible for the war between the deities of the underworld, led by Arawn, and the Children of Don. In the Battle of the Trees (Battle of Cath Godeau) Amaethon's brother Gwydion transformed trees into warriors with whose help the deities of the underworld were defeated.

Ambisagrus

A Continental Celtic god. The Romans with equated him with Jupiter.

Balor

Celtic-Irish Balor is the god of death and the king of the Fomorians, a race of giants. He was the son of Buarainech and the husband of Cethlenn. Balor had only one eye, which he kept closed because anything he looked at would die instantly. Killed by his grandson Lugh Lamhfada (Lugh of the Long Arm) who had been raised by the sea god Manannan mac Lir of the Tuatha Dé Danann.

Belatu-Cadros

The Celtic god of war and of the destruction of enemies. He was worshipped in Britain, primarily in Wales. His name means "fair shining one".

Belenus

Belenus is the Gaulish/Celtic god of light, and referred to as 'The Shining One'. His cult spread from northern Italy to southern Gaul and Britain. Belenus is in charge of the welfare of sheep and cattle. His wife is the goddess Belisama. His festival is Beltine ("Fire of Bel"), celebrated on May 1. On this day, purifying fires were lit and cattle driven between them before being allowed out onto the open pastures. See Bile.

Bile

The Celtic god of light and healing, "Bel" means "shining one," or in Irish Gaelic, the name "bile" translates to "sacred tree." It is thought that the waters of Danu, the Irish All-Mother goddess, fed the oak and produced their son, The Dagda. As the Welsh Beli, he is the father of Arianrhod by Don. Patron of sheep and cattle, Bel's festival is Beltane, one of two main Celtic fire festivals. Beltane celebrates the return of life and fertility to the world -- marking the beginning of Summer and the growing season. Taking place on April 30, Beltane also is sometimes referred to as "Cetsamhain" which means "opposite Samhain." The word "Beltaine" literally means "bright" or "brilliant fire," and refers to the bonfire lit by a presiding Druid in honor of Bile. See Belenus.

Bodb Dearg

'Bodb the Red', a son of the Dagda who succeeded him as ruler of the gods.

Borvo

"To Boil". The Gallic god of hot (mineral) springs and healing. In the Provence (France) he was known as Bormanus, and in Portugal as Bormanious.

Bran

A hero god, protector of poetry and the underworld. Bran ("raven"), son of Llyr and Penarddun, and brother of Branwen and Manawydan, and half brother Nisien and Efnisien.

Bres

God of fertility and agriculture. He is the son of Elatha, a prince of the Fomorians, and the goddess Eriu. The goddess Brigid became his wife.

Bussumarus

A continental Celtic god, identified with Jupiter.

Camulus

A Gaulish war god mentioned by the Romans, who associated him with Mars.

Caswallawn

A Celtic war god of Britain.

Cenn Cruaich

A Gaelic heaven-god, akin to Zeus

Cernunnos

The horned one - God of fertility, life, animals and the underworld. Depicted with the antlers of a stag, sometimes carries a purse filled with coin. The Horned God is born at the winter solstice, marries the goddess at Beltane, and dies at the summer solstice. He alternates with the goddess of the moon in ruling over life and death, continuing the cycle of death, rebirth and reincarnation.

Cocidius

A hunting deity of Celtic North Britain. The Romans equated him with their Silvanus.

Condatis

A River god of Celtic Britain, personification of water.

Creidhne

Creidhne was the god of metal working. One of the trio of craft-gods of the Tuatha Dé Danann, as were Goibniu and Luchta.

Curoi mac Daire

A Celtic sun-deity, believed to be a storm-bringing giant, armed with an ax.

Dagda

The Irish-Celtic god of the earth and treaties, and ruler over life and death. Dagda, or The Dagda, ("the good god") is one of the most prominent gods and the leader of the Tuatha Dé Danann. He is a master of magic, a fearsome warrior and a skilled artisan. Dagda is a son of the goddess Danu, and father of the goddess Brigid and the god Aengus mac Oc. The Morrigan is his wife, with whom he mates on New Years Day. The Dagda is portrayed as possessing both super- human strength and appetite. His attributes are a cauldron with an inexhaustible supply of food, a magical harp with which he summons the seasons, and an enormous club, with one end of which he could kill nine men, but with the other restore them to life. He also possessed two marvellous swine---one always roasting, the other always growing---and ever-laden fruit trees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dea Matrona

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The Celtic deity at the source of the river Marne (northeastern France).

Dea Sequana

The Celtic deity at the source of the river Seine (northern France).

Dewi

Old welsh god represented by a great red serpent. The official emblem of Wales, a red dragon, is derived from the Great Red Serpent that once represented the god Dewi.

Dian Cecht

The great god of healing and the physician of the Tuatha Dé Danann.

Dwyn

The Celtic god of love.

Dylan

Welsh sea god. Son of Arianrhod.

Esus

A Celtic agricultural deity in Gaul. Associated with the bull (with three skulls) and he is portrayed with one. He is also represented cutting branches from trees with an axe. According to some he was a bloodthirsty god, while other regard him as a god of commerce (similar to Mercury). His consort is Rosmerta.

Fagus

A Gaulish / Pyrenean god of beech trees.

Goibniu

An Irish/Celtic smith god, son of the goddess Danu. He manufactures swords that always strike true, and he possesses the mead of eternal life. He makes the arms for the Tuatha Dé Danann together with Credne and Luchtainel. As a brewmaster he was unsurpassed and his beer gave the drinker immortality. The Welsh called him Govannon.

Govannon

The Welsh smith god, the equivalent of the Irish Goibniu. Govannon is a son of the goddess Don and the brother of Gwydion and Amaethon.

Grannus

The continental Celtic god of healing, associated with mineral springs. The center of his cult was Aquae Granni (Achen, Germany). His consort is the fertility goddess Sirona.

Gwydion

God of warriors and magicians.

Gwynn ap Nudd

The south-Welsh god of the underworld.

Icaunus

The Gaulish spirit of the river Yonne.

Leucetios

A Continental Celtic god of thunder.

Llyr

The Welsh sea god. Llyr (Lir Llyr) is the father of Bran, Branwen, and Manawydan. He is equal to the Irish god Lir.

Lugh

Called "Lugh of the light hand" he is a sun god and protector of the harvest. Worshipped in midsummer. Lugh is the Celtic lord of every skill. He was patron of Lugodunum (Lyons) in Gaul. He and his nature goddess consort (Rosmerta) were worshipped during the 30 day Lugnasad midsummer feast in Ireland. Fertility magic during this festival ensured ripening of the crops and good harvest. He was called Lamfhada or 'of the long arm' in Gaelic because of his great spear and sling.

Luxovius

The Gaulish god of the waters of Luxeuil. Consort of Bricta.

Mabon

Mabon son of Modron ("young man" son of "mother goddess") was a hunter-god. He has the power to make a land flourish or waste away.

Manannan mac Lir

Irish god of the sea and fertility. He forecasts the weather. His wife is Fand and he is the foster-father of many gods, including Lugh. He is the guardian of the Blessed Isles, and the ruler of Mag Mell the paradise were the deceased live. Manannan has a ship that follows his command without sails; his cloak makes him invisible; his helmet is made of flames and his sword cannot be turned from its mark. He is described as riding over the sea in a chariot. His Welsh equivalent is Manawydan ap Llyr. He is also called Barinthus. He is older than the Tuatha De Dannan, yet appears to be one of them.

Manawydan

God of the sea and fertility. Manawydan ap Llyr, son of Llyr and Penarddun and brother of Branwen and half brother of Nisien and Efnisien. Manawydan was a scholar, a magician, and a peaceful man. He married the Goddess Rhiannon, widow of Pwyll of Dyfed and mother of Pryderi.

Mannan

The Manx (Isle of Man) counterpart of the Irish sea-god Manannan mac Lir. On Midsummer Eve the people used to carry green meadow grass to the top of Barule in payment of rent to Mannan-beg-mac-y-Leir. People also used to pray to him for a blessing on their boats and a good catch.

Maponos

The Celtic god of youth.

Math Mathonwy

The Welsh god of sorcery, brother of the goddess Don.

Mog Ruith

The one-eyed Celtic/Irish god of the sun who rides through the sky in a shining bronze chariot, or who flies through the sky like a bird. The word ruith is possibly derived from the Irish roth, meaning "wheel" (representing the sun).

Nemausus

The Gaulish god associated with the Springs of Nimes. In later times he became the god of the city of Nimes.

Nuada

Also Nudd or Ludd. "Silver Hand." The Irish/Celtic chieftain-god of healing, the Sun, childbirth, youth, beauty, ocean, dogs, poetry, writing, sorcery, magic, weapons, and warfare. Similar to the Roman god Neptune, Nuada also had an invincible sword, one of four great treasures of the Tuatha Dé Danann, that he used to cleave his enemies in half.

Oengus Mac Oc

Oengus Mac Oc, otherwise known as Aengus, is an Irish/Celtic God. He is the god of love, beauty and youth. He is known for his physical beauty and golden hair, and because his kisses become birds. His name means "Son of the Young."

Ogma

Ogma is the god of eloquence and learning. He is the son of the goddess Danu and the god Dagda, and one of the foremost members of the Tuatha Dé Danann. He is the reputed inventor of the ancient Ogham alphabet which is used in the earliest Irish writings.

Ogmios

God of poetry, language and eloquence. Depicted as an old man with a bald head who has golden chains that hang from his tongue attached to the ears of his followers. Invented the runes of the Druids. Ogmius escorts souls on their journey to the after-live. He is represented as an old man, with a bald head, and dressed in a lion skin. His attributes are a bow and stick. He was worshipped in Gaul (Celtic France). His Irish counterpart is Ogma.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robur

 

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The Gaulish god of oak trees.

Segomo

The Gaulish (Continental Celtic) god of war and victory.

Shoney

A Celtic sea deity recognized in Britain.

Smertrios

God of war who was especially worshipped by the Gaulish Treveri peoples. He is portrayed as a bearded athlete who, with a club, is about to kill a snake.

Sucellus

God of the forests and agriculture. Ferries the dead to the otherworld. One of his frequently appearing attributes is the hammer, which earned him the title of 'hammer-god' and which reminds of a god of the dead. Often he holds a cup and a purse in his hand, which denotes a fertility god. One of his consorts is Nantosuetta.

Taranis

God of thunder, master of the sky. his symbols are the wheel and the lightning flash. His name means "Thunder". Worshipped in Gaul. He may be compared to the Roman Jupiter, although his place in the Celtic pantheon was not as prominent as that of Jupiter in the Roman pantheon. His attribute is the wheel.

Tethra

King of the Fomorians of Ireland, as well as the sea god and god of the otherworld. He was killed in the first battle of Mag Tuireadh. Since then he rules Mag Mell the paradise where the dead live, along with Manannan mac Lir of the Tuatha Dé Danann.

Teutates

Teutates is an ancient Celtic god who was worshipped especially in Gaul. He is the god of war, fertility, and wealth. His name means "the god of the tribe", from the Gallic touta which means "tribe" or "people" (similar to the Celtic tuatha). Teutates is also known under the names of Albiorix ("king of the world") and Caturix ("king of the battle"). Human sacrifices were made to appease him. He is the equivalent of the Roman god Mars.

Vosegus

The Gaulish god of the Vosges Forest in France.

Yonne

A Celtic river deity.

 

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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations