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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations
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Roman Gods

All The Gods

Aequitas

God of Honest Deals and Fair Transactions.

Africus

 

God of the Southwest wind.

 

 

Aquilo

God of the North Wind.

Auster

God of the South Wind.

Bacchus

God of Wine and Intoxication.

Coelus

God of the Sky and the Heavens. The personification of the sky. His wife is Terra.

Conditor

God of Harvesting the crops.

Consus

God Grain Storage. His animal is the mule. His festivals are on August 21 and December 15. God of Secret Consuls.

Convector

God of Harvesting Crops.

Cupid

God of Love. Venus' son. He is seen as either a winged infant with a bow and arrow, or as a youth with his lover Psyche.

Dei Lucrii

Gods of Profit.

Dis Pater

God of the Underworld and Treasure in the form of gems and metals of the earth.

Dius Fidus

God of Oaths of Honor.

Endovelicus

Pre-Roman god of Spain and Portugal who was adopted by the Romans. The God of Health and Welfare.

Eventus Bonus

God whose name means good ending. He insured success in business and a good harvest.

Fabulinus

God who taught children their first word. An offering was made to him on this occasion.

Fama

Goddess of Fame and Rumor. She spread rumors through all the heavens and earth. Sort of the National Enquirer of her day.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faunus

Picture Courtesy of : http://hopkinslibrary.net/bacchus.jpg

 

God of the Wilds and Fertility. He is the protector of cattle also referred to as Lupercus. He is the giver of oracles. The wolfskin, wreath, and a goblet are his attributes. His festivals are Lupercalia on February 15 and Faunalia on December 5.

Favonius

God of the West Wind. The herald of spring.

 

Picture Courtesy of :http://www.brims.co.uk/romans/images/jupiter.jpg

Fontus

God of Fountains, Wells and Springs. His festival is on October 13. He is the son of Janus and Juturna.

Honos

God of Morality and Military Honor. Pictured as a young warrior carrying a spear and a cornucopia.

Janus

The God of Gates, Doors, Beginnings and Endings. He is usually pictured as a double-faced god, one face looking in either direction and holding a key in his right hand. He represents beginnings, boundaries, times of change, and transitions. He was worshipped at the beginning of the harvest, the beginning of planting, at marriages, at births; in short at all times of transition or the start of things. The month of January is named after him.

Jupiter

Ruler of the Gods. He is the god of Sky, Lightning and Thunder. He is the son of Saturn and brother of Neptune, Pluto and Juno, who is also his wife. His attribute is the lightning bolt and his symbol the eagle, who is also his messenger. He was also considered the Patron god of Rome, and his temple was the official place of state business and sacrifices.

Lactans

God of Agriculture.

Lares

Guardian spirits of the house and fields. Possibly a remnant of ancestor worship, these spirits were protectors of individual Roman families, who had shrines to their Lares in their homes.

Liber

Old Italian God of Fertility and Nature. The festival day for Liber and his wife Libera is on March 17. He was later believed to be a counterpart of Dionysus.

Liberalitas

God of Generousity.

Lucifer

God of the Morning Star, the planet venus, and the son of Aurora. Dianas brother and with her produced Aradia.

Mars

God of War. one of the most important of Roman deities. He was originally a god of the earth, spring, and fertility. He is the son of Jupiter and Juno, and may be the father of Romulus and Remus.

Mercury

God of Trade, Profit, Merchants and Travellers. His main festival, the Mercuralia, was celebrated on May 15 and on this day the merchants sprinkled their heads and their merchandise with water from his well near the Porta Capena. The symbols of Mercury are the caduceus (a staff with two intertwined snakes) and a purse (a symbol of his connection with commerce). Pictured dressed in a wide cloak, wearing winged sandals and a winged hat. He was eventually identified with the Greek Hermes.

Messor

God of Agriculture and Mowing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mors

Picture Courtesy of: http://www.graham-cameron-illustration.co.uk/portfolio/virginia_gray/images/fs_22_5_a.jpeg

 

God of death. Equivalent of the Greek Thanatos.

Mutinus Mutunus

God of Fertility. Invoked by women seeking to become pregnant. Portrayed as a phallus.

Nemestrinus

God of the Woods.

Neptune

God of the Sea. Brother of Jupiter, Pluto and Juno. The God and patron of Horses and Horse Racing as Neptune Equester. Neptunalia was celebrated on July 23. The trident is Neptune's attribute. Similar to the Greek Poseidon.

Nox

Personification of the night.

Obarator

God of ploughing.

Occator

God of harrowing.

Orcus

God of Death and the Underworld. Also a god of oaths and punisher of perjurers.

Penates

Gods of the storeroom and the household. The were worshipped at the hearth and given a part of each meal.

Picus

God of Agriculture. Had the gift of prophecy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pluto

Picture Courtesy of : http://www.dabar.org/Graeco-Roman/Gods/Hermes1.gif

 

God of the Underworld. The son of Saturn, brother to Jupiter and Neptune. Pluto's wife was Proserpina, whom he captured. Black sheep were given as sacrifices to Pluto. Equivalent to the Greek Hades.

Portunes

God of Ports and Harbors. He is the guardian of storehouses and locked doors. His attribute is a key. The Portunalia were observed on August 17, and on this festival keys were thrown into the fire to safeguard them against misfortune.

Porus

God of Plenty.

Priapus

God of Gardens, Viniculture, Sailors and Fishermen. He is a fertility god, shown wearing a long robe that exposes an unusually large and erect phallus.

Quirinus

Italian god whose origins are uncertain and worship is not well-known. His consort is Hora. He was usually depicted as a bearded man who wears clothing that is part clerical and part military. His sacred plant is the myrtle. His festival, the Quirinalia, was celebrated on February 17.

Robigus

God who protected corn from diseases. His festival, the Robigalia, took place on April 25.

Sancus

God of Oaths and good faith. He is also called Semo Sancus Dius Fidus.

Saritor

God of Weeding and Hoeing.

Saturn

God of Agriculture and the sowing of seeds. Married to Ops. The father of Jupiter, Ceres, Juno and many others. Saturnalia began on December 17 and lasted for seven days. During this festival, businesses closed and gifts were exchanged. Saturday is named after him. Equivalent to the Greek Cronus.

Silvanus

God of Forests, Groves, Wild Places and Boundaries. A fertility God associated with flocks and herds. His attributes are a pruning knife and a bough from a pine tree. Equated with the Greek Pan.

Sol

God of the sun. The same as the Greek Helios. Later worshipped as the God of the State, Sol Invictus, who had been imported from Syria.

Somnus

God of Sleep. The same as the Greek Hypnos.

Sors

God of Luck.

Subruncinator

God of Weeding.

Summanus

God of Night Thunder. His festival is June 20. (Jupiter was the god of thunder during the day.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Terminus

 

God of the Boundaries between Fields. His sacred object was the boundary stone, which was cleansed and given sacrifices of blood and flower garlands during an annual festival on February 23 to renew the stone's energy.

Veiovis

One of the oldest gods, he is the God of Healing. Veiovis is portrayed as a young man, holding a bunch of arrows (or lightning bolts) in his hand, and is accompanied by a goat. Probably based on the Etruscan god Veive, and equated later with the Greek Asclepius.

Vertumnus

God of the changing seasons and the ripening of fruits and grains. He is the patron of fruit trees.

Virtus

God of Courage and Military Prowess.

Vitumnus

God who gave life to children in the womb.

Vulcan

God of Fire, Blacksmiths and Craftsmanship. His forge is located beneath Mount Etna. It is here that he, together with his helpers, forges weapons for Gods and heroes. Closely associated with Bona Dea with whom he shared the Volcanalia, observed on August 23. Equated with the Greek Hephaestus.

Vulturnus

God of the East Wind.

 



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Amanda's Gods and Myths of the Ancient Civilizations